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In the high-volume and increasingly complex world of image-guided therapy and medical imaging, awareness of the potential
risks secondary to occupational radiation exposure in medical professionals needs greater focus. One of these risks is radiation-induced
cataracts, a recently recognized entity, which may impact the physician’s professional proficiency, quality of life, and
career span. This review article aims to explain the pathogenesis of radiation-induced cataracts, exploring emerging evidence
regarding their development. It also explores the existing monitoring and protection measures available to protect against such
radiation-induced pathologic conditions.

Danyal Zaman Khan, Marie Constance Lacasse, MD, FRCPC, Rizwana Khan, MD, and Kieran J. Murphy, MD, FRCPC